Focquaert, F. & Raine, A. (2011). Antisocial Personality Disorders. W. Chambliss (Gen. Ed.). Key issues in crime and punishment (pp. 13-28). SAGE.

Current treatment programs for antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and psychopathy, as well as conduct disorder in children, indicate the lack of biological treatment approaches and the need for a more symptom-based approach. However, there have been recent findings on dietary intervention, psychopharmacology, neurofeedback, and electrical stimulation of the brain.