Focquaert, F. (2011). Pediatric deep brain stimulation: a Cautionary approach. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 5, 1-2.

Today, deep brain stimulation (DBS) is performed to treat dystonia in children as young as 7 years of age (Roubertie et al., 2000). For a variety of reasons, timely intervention in childhood dystonia is important: (1) to prevent irreversible damage, (2) to obtain optimal treatment outcomes, since severity and duration of the disease are negative prognostic factors for succesful DBS treatment, and (3) to prevent long-term social costs due to social isolation (Isaias et al., 2008; Mehrkens et al., 2009; Clausen, 2010). Individual cases of DBS for neuropsychiatric disorders in adolescents have been published over the last 3 years (e.g., Shaded et al., 2007). Considering the investigational nature of DBS for psychiatric disorders, this is unsettling to say the least.