Bio

 

Dr. Farah Focquaert is a Research Fellow at the Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University. Her work focuses on (1) the ethics of moral enhancement, (2) the ethics of neuromodulation for treatment and enhancement (e.g., questions related to narrative identity, regulation, assent/consent and criminal behavior), and (3) the implications of the philosophy and neuroscience of free will for the criminal justice system. She was a Visiting Research Fellow at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College and a visiting scholar at the Department of Criminology and the Center for Neuroscience and Society, UPenn. She is a Research Fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders and a member of the Moral Brain.


EDUCATION:
 Master Moral Sciences, Ghent University, 2001.   
• Master Logics, History and Philosophy of Science, Ghent University, 2002 

• Master Conflict & Development, Ghent University, 2003.

 Ph.D., Doctor in Philosophy, Ghent University, 2007.


ACADEMIC CAREER:
 Scientific Researcher/Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Philosophy and  Moral Sciences, Ghent University, 01-10-2003 to 30-09-07.
 Visiting Research Fellow, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College: 27-06-2005 to 31-01-2006.
 Awarded Research Fellowship, Summer Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College: 27-06-2005 to 08-07-2005.
Research visit: Center for Evolutionary Psychology, University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB): 01-04-2006 to 06-06-2006.  
Research visit: Sage Center for the Study of Mind, UCSB: 01-04-2006 to 06-06-2006.
 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Bioethics Institute Ghent, Department of Philosophy and Moral Sciences, Ghent University, 01-10-2007, ongoing.  
 Visiting Research Fellow: Jerry Lee Center for Criminology, University of Pennsylvania: 01-04-2009 to 31-05-2009.  
 Visiting Scholar: Center for Neuroscience and Society, University of Pennsylvania: 01-04-2009 to 31-05-2009.
 Visiting Research Fellow: Jerry Lee Center for Criminology, University of Pennsylvania: March 2011. 


PUBLICATIONS:
 Glenn, A.L., Focquaert, F., & Raine, A. (in press). Prediction of antisocial behavior. To appear in: J. Clausen & N. Levy (Gen. Eds.) Handbook of Neuroethics. Springer.  
 Focquaert, F., Glenn, A.L., & Raine, A. (in press). Psychopathy and free will. To appear in: W. Glannon (Ed.). Free will and the brain: neuroscientific, philosophical, and legal perspectives.
Cambridge University Press.
Gilbert, F., & Focquaert, F. (in press). Rethinking responsibility in offenders with acquired pedophelia: punishment or treatment? The International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.
 
 Focquaert, F. (2014). Mandatory neurotechnological treatment: Ethical issues. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics.
• Raus, K., Focquaert, F., Schermer, M., Specker, J. & Sterckx, S. (2014, online first). On defining moral enhancement: a clarificatory taxonomy. Neuroethics.
 Focquaert, F. (2014). Neuromodulatie en identiteit: komt ons 'zelf' in het gedrang? M. Boenink, G. Meynen, M. Schermer (Eds.). Komt een filosoof bij de dokter. Uitgevery Boom. 

 Focquaert, F. (2013). Deep brain stimulation in children: Parental authority versus shared decision-making. Neuroethics, 6, 447-455.
 

 Douglas, T., Bonte, P., Focquaert, F., Devolder, K., & Sterckx, S. (2013).
 Coercion, incarceration, and chemical castration. An argument from autonomy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 10, 393-405.
 Focquaert, F. (2013). Rethinking vulnerability. American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience, 4, 44-45.
Focquaert, F., Glenn, A.L., & Raine, A. (2013). Free will, responsibility, and the punishment of criminals. T. Nadelhoffer (Ed.). The Future of Punishment and Retribution (pp. 247-274). Oxford University Press.
 Focquaert, F., & Raine, A. (2012). Ethics of community-based sanctions. S. Barton-Bellessa (Gen. Ed.), Encyclopedia of community corrections (pp. 144-148). SAGE Reference Publications.
 Focquaert, F., & Raine, A. (2011). Antisocial Personality Disorders. W. Chambliss (Gen. Ed.). Key issues in crime and punishment (pp. 13-28). SAGE Publications. 
Focquaert, F. (2011). Pediatric Deep Brain Stimulation: A Cautionary Approach. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 5, 1-2.
Vanneste, S., Focquaert, F., Van de Heyning, P., & De Ridder, D. (2011). Different resting state brain activity and functional connectivity in patients who respond and not respond to bifrontal tDCS for tinnitus suppresion. Experimental Brain Research, 2, 217-227. 
 Focquaert, F. & Braeckman, J. (2011). Mirroring the mind: on empathy and autism. A. De Block, & P. Adriaens (Eds.). Darwin and Psychiatry: Philosophical Perspectives (pp. 241-263). Oxford University Press.
 Focquaert, F., Glenn, A.L., & Raine, A. (2011, in press). Psychopathy, addiction and free will. American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience, 2.
 Focquaert, F., Steven M.S., Vanneste, S., Doron, K.W., & Platek, S.M. (2010). Mindreading in individuals with an empathizing versus systemizing cognitive style: an fMRI study. Brain Research Bulletin, 83, 214-222.
 Focquaert, F. & De Ridder, D. (2009). Direct intervention in the brain: Questions concerning personal identity. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 4, 1-7.
 Focquaert, F. (2009). Bioethics and the brain. Philosophical Psychology, 22, 345-501.
Focquaert, F. (2009). Book review: Het nut van waanzin. Essays over darwinisme and psychiatrie. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte, 101, 278-279.
 Focquaert, F., Braeckman, J., & Platek, S.M. (2008). An evolutionary cognitive neuroscience perspective on human self-awareness and theory of mind. Philosophical Psychology, 21, 1-22.
 Focquaert, F., Steven, M.S., Wolford, G.W., Colden, A., & Gazzaniga, M.S. (2007). Empathizing and systemizing cognitive traits in the sciences and humanities. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 619-625.
 Focquaert, F., & Platek, S.M. (2007). Social cognition and the evolution of self-awareness. In S.M. Platek, J.P. Keenan & T.K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience (pp. 457-497). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
 Focquaert, F. (2005). Chimpanzee geluk? Mores, 245, 114-117.
 Focquaert, F. (2005). Individuele verschillen in cognitie: Empathie en systeemdenken. Mores, 246, 156-159.
 Focquaert, F. (2003). Philosophical thought experiments: Personal identity and its boundaries. Philosophica, 72, 131-152. 


CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS/SYMPOSIA/INVITED LECTURES:
• Focquaert, F. (2013, accepted). Deep brain stimulation for human enhancement: Ethical issues. Annual SiNAPSA Neuroscience Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia. 
• Focquaert, F., & Schermer, M. (2013, accepted). Moral enhancement: do means matter morally. International Conference 'Enhancement: Cognitive, Moral and Mood', Belgrade, Serbia.
• Focquaert, F. (2013). Invited Lecture/Respondent: Psychiatry and the neurosciences. Specialist course 'Critical Neuroscience: Ethics, Philosophy, Politics and Policies'. UGent, Gent, Belgium.
• Focquaert, F. (2012). Biomedical treatment of offenders: A neuroethical perspective. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Chicago, US. 
• Focquaert, F. (2012). Chemical castration as a condition of probation/parole: mandated or voluntary? 11th World Congress of Bioethics, Rotterdam.
  
• 
Focquaert, F. (2011). Invited Lecture: Diepe hersenstimulatie bij kinderen: ethische aspecten. Department Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine. Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Focquaert, F. (2011). Invited Lecture: The use of brain scans in court. 32nd Congress of the International Academy of Law and Mental Health, Berlin, Germany. 
Focquaert, F. (2011). Invited Lecture: Directe en indirecte modulatie van de hersenen: ethische vragen. Reflectiegroep biomedische ethiek, UZ Brussel, Belgium.
Focquaert, F. (2010). Direct stimulation of the brain for neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders in prisoners and children. 10th World Congress of Bioethics, Singapore.
Focquaert, F. (2010). Directe interventie in de hersenen: recente technieken, toepassingen en ethische vragen. Lezingenreeks Permanente Vorming Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, Belgium.
Focquaert, F. (2009). Invited Lecture: Evolutie, empathie en het menselijk brein. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Belgium.
Focquaert, F. (2009). Invited Lecture: Mindreading in individuals with an empathizing versus systemizing cognitive style, an fMRI study, Adrian Raine lab, UPenn, USA.
Focquaert, F. (2009). Invited Lecture: Deep brain stimulation and personal identity: ethical questions. Center for Neuroscience and Society, UPenn, USA.
Focquaert, F. (2008). Neuromodulation: Defining right and wrong, Ghent University, Belgium.
Focquaert, F. & Verplaetse, J. (2008). Organizer: Moral Brain Meeting on Neuroethics, Ghent University, Belgium.
Focquaert, F. (2007). Is self-awareness the key to understanding human versus non-human mindreading? Human Mind – Human Kind Conference, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Focquaert, F. (2007). Do we simulate? HBES Conference, College of William and Mary, Virginia, US.
Focquaert, F. (2007). Invited Lecture: Is mirroring the default? An fMRI study comparing normal individuals with Asperger-type traits versus Empathic-type traits. Moral Brain Meeting, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Focquaert, F. (2005) Invited Lecture: Self-awareness and theory of mind. Center for Social Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College.
Focquaert, F. (2005) Self-awareness and theory of mind. Callosotomy Patients Group, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College.
Focquaert, F. (2005) Invited lecture: Self-awareness and theory of mind. Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, Montclair State University, New Jersey, US.
Focquaert, F. & Platek, S.M. (2005). Session chair/organizer: Evolution of Self-awareness and theory of mind, HBES Conference, University of Texas, Austin, US.
Focquaert, F. (2005). Introspective awareness: Dual benefits in terms of third-person mindreading. HBES Conference, University of Texas, Austin, US.
Focquaert, F. (2004). Self-awareness and theory of mind. Conference on science, self and meaning. Consciousness and Experiential Psychology (CEP), British Psychological Society, St Anne’s College, Oxford University, UK.
Focquaert, F. (2004). Session chair/organizer: Self-awareness and theory of mind, HBES Conference, Free University of Berlin, Germany.
Focquaert, F. (2004). The importance of a representational mind for self-awareness and theory of mind, Human Behavior and Evolution Society (HBES) Conference, Free University of Berlin, Germany.
• Focquaert, F. (2001). Personal identity and its boundaries. Colloquim: Thinking through thought experiments. Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Ghent University, Belgium.
 


OTHER: 
• Opiniestuk DS, 2013, with Jan Verplaetse: "Hersenscan is niet zwart-wit, wel bruikbaar. Welke eisen stel je aan bewijsmateriaal in een rechtzaak?", 22 maart, nr. 70, 41. 
• Interview DS Magazine, 2011: "Is er een schuldige in de zaal", 22 oktober, 45. 
• Interview Feeling Magazine, 2011: "De hersenkronkels en de omgeving", nr. 1, 80. 
Interview Eos Magazine, 2008: “Farah Focquaert over hoe we iemands gedachten lezen.”, Rubriek AHA! Jonge onderzoekers in de spotlights, nr. 2, 100-101.
 


TEACHING EXPERIENCE:
• 2013/2014: Lecturer, Master Course Bio-ethics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University.
• 2013/2014: Lecturer, Master Course Bio-ethics, Faculty of Science, Ghent University.
• 
2013/2014: Lecturer, Master Course Public Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University.
• 2013/2014: Lecturer, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2013/2014: Invited Guest Lecturer (1 class), Bachelor Philosophy of Life and Ethics, Faculty of Science, University of Antwerp.
• 2012/2013: Lecturer, Master Course Public Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University.
• 2012/2013: Lecturer, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2011/2012: Lecturer, Master Course Public Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University.
• 2011/2012: Lecturer, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2010/2011: Lecturer, Master Course Public Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University.
• 2010/2011: Lecturer, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2009/2010: Lecturer, Master Course Public Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University.
• 2009/2010: Teaching Assistant, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2008/2009: Teaching Assistant, Master Course Philosophical Anthropology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2008/2009: Invited Guest Lecturer (1 class), Bachelor Course Biological Anthropology, Faculty of Science, University of Antwerp.
• 2007/2008: Invited Guest Lecturer (1 class), Bachelor Contemporary Ethics, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Ghent University.
• 2007/2008: Invited Guest Lecturer (1 class), Bachelor Course Biological Anthropology, Faculty of Science, University of Antwerp.